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UNICODE UTF-8 ENCODING

The Unicode Standard assigns a code point (a number) to each character in every supported language's. All text on this web site is encoded in UTF-8 (8-bit Unicode Transformation Format). UTF-8 is a standard transformation format for Unicode characters and it is ideal character repertoire for any platform or language anywhere in the world.

Numeric character references specify the code position of a character in the document character set. Numeric character references may take two forms:

  • The syntax "&#D;", where D is a decimal number
  • The syntax "&#xH;" or "&#XH;", where H is a hexadecimal number (Hexadecimal numbers in numeric character references are case-insensitive.)

For the ASCII range of characters, UTF-8 is identical to ASCII encoding and allows a broader set of characters. For Latin and Greek scripts, however, UTF-8 can require two bytes for each character.

The list of characters:

 

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Left angle quotes « « Right angle quotes » »
Lower-than sign < &#60; Greather-than sign > &#62;
Plus-minus sign ± &#177; Middle dot · &#183;
Multiplication sign × &#215; Division sign ÷ &#247;
not equal to &#8800; square root sign &#8730;
integral &#8747; per mille sign &#8240;
fraction one-quarter ¼ &#188; fraction one-half ½ &#189;
Euro &#8364; Pound £ &#163;
Franc &#8355; Lira &#8356;
Peseta &#8359; Degree sign °  &#176;
Capital O with slash Ø &#216; Small O with slash ø &#248;
Capital Y with acute Ý &#221; Small y with acute ý &#253;

 

German

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital A with umlaut Ä  &#196; Small a with umlaut ä  &#228;
Capital E with acute É  &#201; Small e with acute é &#233;
Capital O with umlaut Ö  &#214; Small o with umlaut ö  &#246;
Capital U with umlaut Ü  &#220; Small u with umlaut ü  &#252;
SZ ligature ß  &#223;      

 

French

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital A with grave À &#192; Small a with grave à &#224;
Capital A with circumflex  &#194; Small a with circumflex â &#226;
Capital AE Ligature Æ &#198; Small ae Ligature æ &#230;
Capital C with cedilla Ç &#199; Small c with cedilla ç &#231;
Capital E with grave È &#200; Small e with grave è &#232;
Capital E with acute É &#201; Small e with acute é &#233;
Capital E with circumflex Ê &#202; Small e with circumflex ê &#234;
Capital E with umlaut Ë &#203; Small e with umlaut ë &#235;
Capital I with circumflex Î &#206; Small i with circumflex î &#238;
Capital I with umlaut Ï &#207; Small i with umlaut ï &#239;
Capital O with circumflex Ô &#212; Small o with circumflex ô &#244;
Capital OE ligature Œ &#338; Small oe ligature œ &#339;
Capital U with grave Ù &#217; Small u with grave ù &#249;
Capital U with circumflex Û &#219; Small u with circumflex û &#251;
Capital U with umlaut Ü &#220; Small u with umlaut ü &#252;
Capital Y with diaeresis Ÿ &#376; Small Y with diaeresis ÿ &#255;

 

Croatian

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital C with acute Ć &#262; Small C with acute ć &#263;
Capital C with caron Č &#268; Small C with caron č &#269;
Capital D with stroke Đ &#272; Small D with stroke đ &#273;
Capital S with caron Š &#352; Small S with caron š &#353;
Capital Z with caron Ž &#381; Small Z with caron ž &#382;

 

Italian

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital A with grave À  &#192; Small a with grave à  &#224;
Capital E with grave È  &#200; Small e with grave è &#232;
Capital E with acute É  &#201; Small e with acute é &#233;
Capital I with grave Ì  &#204; Small i with grave ì  &#236;
Capital O with grave Ò  &#210; Small o with grave ò  &#242;
Capital U with grave Ù  &#217; Small u with grave ù  &#249;

 

Spanish

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital A with acute Á &#193; Small A with acute á &#225;
Capital E with acute É  &#201; Small e with acute é &#233;
Capital I with acute Í &#205; Small I with acute í &#237;
Capital N with tilde Ñ &#209; Small N with tilde ñ &#241;
Capital O with acute Ó &#211; Small o with acute ó &#243;
Capital U with acute Ú &#218; Small U with acute ú &#250;
Capital U with umlaut Ü &#220; Small U with umlaut ü &#252;
Inverted question mark ¿ &#191; Inverted exclamation point ¡ &#161;

 

Greek alphabet

DescriptionCharacterCode DescriptionCharacterCode
Capital Alpha Α &#913; Small Alpha α &#945;
Capital Beta Β &#914; Small Beta β &#946;
Capital Gamma Γ &#915; Small Gamma γ &#947;
Capital Delta Δ &#916; Small Delta δ &#948;
Capital Epsilon Ε &#917; Small Epsilon ε &#949;
Capital Zeta Ζ &#918; Small Zeta ζ &#950;
Capital Eta Η &#919; Small Eta η &#951;
Capital Theta Θ &#920; Small Theta θ &#952;
Capital Iota Ι &#921; Small Iota ι &#953;
Capital Kappa Κ &#922; Small Kappa κ &#954;
Capital Lambda Λ &#923; Small Lambda λ &#955;
Capital Mu Μ &#924; Small Mu μ &#956;
Capital Nu Ν &#925; Small Nu ν &#957;
Capital Xi Ξ &#926; Small Xi ξ &#958;
Capital Omicron Ο &#927; Small Omicron ο &#959;
Capital Pi Π &#928; Small Pi π &#960;
Capital Rho Ρ &#929; Small Rho ρ &#961;
Capital Sigma Σ &#931; Small Sigma σ &#963;
Capital Tau Τ &#932; Small Tau τ &#964;
Capital Upsilon Υ &#933; Small Upsilon υ &#965;
Capital Phi Φ &#934; Small Phi φ &#966;
Capital Chi Χ &#935; Small Chi χ &#967;
Capital Psi Ψ &#936; Small Psi ψ &#968;
Capital Omega Ω &#937; Small Omega ω &#969;

 

Bibliography:

  1. "The Unicode Character Code Charts By Script." 1 Sep. 2006. Unicode Inc. 5 Jun 2007. <http://unicode.org/charts/>.