- In the Roman numeral system, the basic "digits" are the letters
**I**,**V**,**X**,**L**,**C**,**D**, and**M**which represent the same numbers regardless of their position. - Symbols are placed in order of value, starting with the largest values.
- When the higher numeral is placed before a lower numeral, the values of each Roman numeral are added.
- When smaller values precede larger values, the smaller values are subtracted from the larger values, and the result is added to the total.
- Do not repeat
**I**,**X**, and**C**more than three times in a row. (Number 4 on a Roman numeral clock is usually written as**IIII**. ) - Symbols
**V**,**L**, and**D**cannot appear more than once consecutively. - Do not subtract a number from one that is more than 10 times greater:
**I**may only precede**V**and**X**,**X**may only precede**L**and**C**, and**C**may only precede**D**and**M**.

I | 1 | XI | 11 |

II | 2 | XII | 12 |

III | 3 | XIII | 13 |

IV | 4 | XIV | 14 |

V | 5 | XV | 15 |

VI | 6 | XVI | 16 |

VII | 7 | XVII | 17 |

VIII | 8 | XVIII | 18 |

IX | 9 | XIX | 19 |

X | 10 | XX | 20 |

XXX | 30 | CL | 150 |

XL | 40 | CLIX | 159 |

XLIX | 49 | CXC | 190 |

L | 50 | CC | 200 |

LX | 60 | CCC | 300 |

LXX | 70 | CD | 400 |

LXXX | 80 | D | 500 |

XC | 90 | DC | 600 |

XCIX | 99 | CM | 900 |

C | 100 | M | 1000 |

When they needed to work with large numbers (4000 and above), the Romans often wrote a bar above a numeral, or parentheses placed around it, to indicate multiplication by 1000.

MMM | 3 000 000 | XLILXII | 41 062 |

XMXVII | 19 007 | XMCXI | 11 111 |

According to the old IUPAC recommendation before 1985, Roman numerals were used to denote the group in the periodic table of the elements. When the metal has more than one possible ionic charge or oxidation state the oxidation number (the same as the charge) of the metal ion is represented by a Roman numeral in parentheses immediately following the metal ion name. For example, FeO is iron(II) oxide and Fe_{2}O_{3} is iron(III) oxide.

Citing this page:

Generalic, Eni. "Converting Roman Numerals To Arabic Numbers." *EniG. Periodic Table of the Elements*. KTF-Split, 29 June 2022. Web. {Date of access}. <https://www.periodni.com/roman_numerals_converter.html>.

Articles and tables

- Periodic table
- Online calculators
- Scientific calculator for chemists
- Gas laws calculator
- Molar mass calculator
- Angle converter
- Roman numerals converter
- Number systems converter
- Preparation of solutions
- Labeling of chemical containers
- Oxidation numbers calculator
- ARS method
- Oxidation number change method
- Ion-electron method
- Gauss elimination method
- Memory game
- Find the pairs

- Articles and tables
- Chemistry
- List of abbreviations and acronyms
- Crystal systems and Bravais lattices
- GHS - Hazard pictograms
- NFPA 704 Hazard Diamond
- Fundamental physical constants
- Solubility product constants
- SI - International System of Units
- Composition of mixtures and solutions
- Stoichiometric calculations
- Chlorinity and salinity of seawater
- Rare earth elements (REE)

- Ecology
- Web design
- Chemistry dictionary

- Chemistry
- Downloads
**≡**Menu

Copyright © 1998-2022 by Eni Generalic. All rights reserved. | Bibliography | Disclaimer